Download/Embed scientific diagram | Diagrama de Pourbaix del hierro  y voltaje en función del pH (línea azul). from publication: Síntesis de nanopartículas. Download scientific diagram | Diagrama de Pourbaix para especies de cloro considerando una [Cl-] TOT = mM a T = 25°C para la ferrita de manganeso . ESPECIE. ΔG° (cal/mol). Pb. 0. PbO. , Pb3O4. , Pb2O3. , PbO2. , Pb2+. -5, Pb4+. 72, H2O. , REACCIONES DE.
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Archived from the original on Archived copy as title Commons category link is on Wikidata. As such a Pourbaix diagram can be read much like a standard phase diagram with a different set of axes. The reaction equation is:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For instance, carbonate has a great effect upon the diagram for uranium. As a function of temperature. There are three types of line boundaries in a Pourbaix diagram: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pourbaix diagrams.
In many cases, the possible conditions in a system are limited by the stability region of water. The presence of trace amounts of certain species such as chloride ions can also greatly affect the stability of certain species by destroying passivating layers.
Diagrama de Pourbaix – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
The reaction equation is found to be:. See diagrams at right.
Pourbaix diagrams have several uses, diagraamas example in corrosion studies, geoscience and in environmental studies. Pourbaix diagrams are also known as E H -pH diagrams due to the labeling of the two axes.
Using the expressions for the free energy in terms of potentials, the energy balance is given by a Nernst equation:. Below this line, water will be reduced to hydrogen, and it will usually not be possible to pass beyond this line as long as there is still water present to duagramas reduced. Sometimes additional lines are drawn for other concentrations.
Diagrama de Pourbaix – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure
United States Government Printing Office. Using the Nernst equation as above, but with an E 0 of 1. Retrieved from ” https: The reaction equation may be written:.
For the simple case of a thermodynamic system consisting of a metal Poyrbaix and water, various reaction equations may be written having the form:. The reaction equation is written:.
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They thus give a guide to the stability of a particular metal in a specific environment. Environmental Chemistry – a global perspective 3rd ed. Usually, the activity of a species is approximated as equal to the concentration for soluble species or partial pressure for gases. The lines in the Pourbaid diagram show the equilibrium conditions, that is, where the activities are equal, poourbaix the species on each side of that line.
While such diagrams can be drawn for any chemical system, it is important to note that the addition of a metal binding agent ligand will often modify the diagram.
Diagrama de Pourbaix
This will vary with temperature. Above this line, water will be oxidized to form oxygen gas, and it will usually not be possible to pass beyond this line as long as there is still water present to be oxidized. The equation must be balanced for M, H, O and charge. This page was last edited on 26 Decemberat On either side of the line, one form of the species will instead be said to be predominant.
Pourbaix diagrams are widely used pourbaxi describe the chemical behaviour of chemical species in the hydrosphere.
Passivation occurs when the metal forms a stable coating of an oxide or other salt on its surface, the best example being the relative stability of aluminium because of the alumina layer formed on its surface when exposed to air. In addition, changes in temperature and concentration of solvated ions in solution will shift the equilibrium lines in accordance with the Nernst equation.
Using the Pourbaix diagram correctly will help shed light not only on the nature of the species present in the solution or sample but may also help to understand the reaction mechanism.