Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.
|Published (Last):||6 October 2018|
|PDF File Size:||19.26 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||4.35 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Nutrition can be improved by using the plant for medicinal purposes as well as through edible consumption. Africxnum tubers are sometimes eaten – especially at times of scarcity[ ]. For more information about QR Codes click here. The stem is supple and strong. Marco Schmidt – wikimedia. Africaunm the Central African Republic the leaves are eaten to treat nausea and as an antidote to arrow poison made from Periploca nigrescens Afzel.
The current method of harvesting, especially for export trade, is to pull the stems or branches from trees.
Diseases have not been found to reduce productivity of eru. Views Read View source View history. Gnetum africanum has been found to be negatively impacted if grown on or next to termite infected wood or trees.
It grows best in areas where the annual rainfall is around 3, mm[ ]. Eru is still mainly collected from wild stands, but farmers often retain it when clearing fields.
Both African Gnetum gneutm are lianas with two different types of stems.
Gnetum africanum – Wikipedia
Applied externally, the chopped-up leaf serves as a dressing on warts and boils to hasten maturation. Estimates for the annual export of eru leaves both species to Nigeria range between t and t.
The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Diversity found between accessions qfricanum considerable, offering scope for improvement of both quality and productivity. Leafy stems remain fresh for at least a week after harvesting[ ].
We are currently updating this section.
You will receive a range of benefits including: In Cameroon the leaves are chewed to mitigate the effects of drunkenness and they are taken as an enema against constipation and to ease childbirth. Alternatives to destructive harvesting of eru should be found.
The PFAF Bookshop
After about 6 weeks the rooted cuttings are transferred to polythene sleeves, bamboo pots or other containers where they remain for a further afrivanum – 3 months. The distinctly coloured drupe-like seeds are probably dispersed by birds and other animals. Dried shredded leaves are exported, mainly from Nigeria to the United States and to a lesser extent from other countries to France and the United Kingdom. Controlled harvesting, in which only side shoots africanu parts of stems are collected, is clearly better than destructive harvesting.
Gnetuj dry matter content of fresh leaves is much higher than for other dark or medium green leaf vegetables. However, it has been noted that the vine grows best in well-shaded areas similar to that of a forest, as too much sunlight can burn the vine and produce substandard leaves for selling purposes.
Tropical forests, people and food: It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps. Nursery beds under shade and made of well-decomposed sawdust or fine river sand can be used for propagation[ ].
Gnetum africanum Gnetum africanumfrom the coastal rainforest of Cameroon. More frequent harvesting will result in thin leaves that are considered inferior[ ]. To soften this rather tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare [ ].